High-Risk HPV

hr
23
January
2013

By Editor
In HPV
With No Comments
Tags: high risk hpv, hpv, human papilloma virus, low risk hpv

 

The Human Papilloma Virus is a very common Sexually transmitted infection (STI)—reportedly almost 75 per cent of sexually active men and women will get the virus at some point of their lives whether or not they are aware of it.

 

Some HPV infections are very hard to detect as they do not show any noticeable symptoms, this is one reason why the infection is very easy to spread. Most carriers do not know they have it; and so are their partners.

 

HPV is a group of more than 100 virus strains and these strains are classified into low-risk and High-risk types. Low-risk HPV sometimes causes genital warts but do not directly lead to more dangerous forms of diseases or cancers. High-risk HPV is otherwise, it may or may not present noticeable symptoms but high-risk HPV infections are generally cancerous.

 

 

 

High-Risk HPV and Cancer

 

 

Cervical cancer is a very dangerous form of cancer that affects around 500,000 women around the world each year. This deadly disease claims nearly 250,000 lives each year. HPV infections have been named as one of the leading causes of this disease.

 

Aside from cervical cancer, cancers of the anus, vagina, vulva and the oral cavity have been found out to be highly associated with HPV. In men, HPV infections are determined to be causing penile cancers.

 

 

High-Risk HPV Types

 

 

Scientists have classified the following types of HPV as High-risk Sexually transmitted Types:

 

HPV-16
HPV-18
HPV-31
HPV-33
HPV-35
HPV-39
HPV-45
HPV-51
HPV-52
HPV-56
HPV-58
HPV-59
HPV-68
HPV-69

 

 

Often, these varieties cause fairly different growths from low-risk HPV types. High-risk HPV growths are nearly invisible flat warts compared to those warts caused by HPV types 6 and 11 which are low-risk types.

 

Low-risk HPV tend to go away even left untreated while high-risk HPV varieties create precancerous changes that become more dangerous over time if they were left untreated. Cervical cancers commonly develop from long-standing HPV infections.

 

High-risk HPV infections may still be apart from cervical cancers if they are going to be managed through regular Pap screenings, wherein precancerous infections can be treated and altogether prevent development into cancer.

 

 

Testing for High-Risk HPV

 

 

HPV infections can be diagnosed after having undergone Pap test. An abnormal pap smear result does not directly determine HPV infections, but can be descriptive of the consequence brought by the HPV infection.

 

There is also a test designed to test if a person is infected by HPV. Though this test can’t directly name the specific type of HPV the patient contracted, it can still determine if the person was infected by any of the 13 high risk HPV varieties.